. What is the moral difference (if one exists) between withholding treatment and
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. What is the moral difference (if one exists) between withholding treatment and withdrawing treatment according to Panicola? Between killing a patient (euthanasia) and allowing a patient to die by forgoing treatment that is excessively burdensome? Explain.
2. Distinguish between ordinary means (proportionate) and extraordinary (disproportionate) means of medical treatment. Which are morally obligatory? Why? What does Pope John Paul II’s encyclical, Evangelium Vitae say about this?
3. Is artificial nutrition and hydration a proportionate or disproportionate means of medical care? Explain, referencing the statements of Pope John Paul II, the US Catholic Bishops, and the ERD’s.
4. What is Euthanasia? What are the moral arguments against Euthanasia? Explain using the ERD’s and material from the text.
5. What are some of the major themes that come up in the chapter on Rethinking End of Life Care. What areas of end of life care need to be “rethought”? What major ideas stood out for you?