Answer 2 of the following: -How did the emergence of general hospitals strength
Answer 2 of the following:
-How did the emergence of general hospitals strengthen the professional sovereignty of physicians?
-In general, discuss how technological, social, and economic factors created the need for health insurance.
-Discuss, with particular reference to the roles of (a) organized medicine, (b) the middle class, and (c) -American beliefs and values, why reform efforts to bring in national health insurance have historically been unsuccessful in the United States.
-Which particular factors that earlier may have been somewhat weak in bringing about national health insurance later led to the passage of Medicare and Medicaid?
-On what basis were the elderly and the poor regarded as vulnerable groups for whom special government-sponsored programs needed to be created?
-Discuss the government’s role in the delivery and financing of health care, with specific reference to the dichotomy between public health and private medicine.
-Explain how contract practice and prepaid group practice were the prototypes of today’s managed care plans.
-Discuss the main ways in which current delivery of health care has become corporatized.
-From the standpoint of health insurance, what were the main accomplishments of the Affordable Care Act?
Answer 3 of the following:
-Describe the major types of health services professionals (physicians, nurses, dentists, pharmacists, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, certified nurse-midwives), including their roles, training, practice requirements, and practice settings.
-Which factors are associated with the development of health services professionals in the United States?
-What are the major distinctions between primary care and specialty care?
-Why is there a geographic maldistribution of the physician labor force in the United States?
-Why is there an imbalance between primary care and specialty care in the United States?
-Which measures have been or can be employed to overcome problems related to physician maldistribution and imbalance?
-Who are midlevel providers? What are their roles in the delivery of health care?
-In general, who are allied health professionals? What role do they play in the delivery of health services?
-Provide a brief description of the roles and responsibilities of health services administrators.