Observation and Assessment No unread replies.No replies. Purposes of Observation
Observation and Assessment
No unread replies.No replies.
Purposes of Observation and Assessment
The purposes of assessment include providing information to stakeholders about expectations, helping teachers in planning instruction, helping administrators in improving programs, identifying children who may require special interventions, and providing information for program accountability. Meaningful assessment strategies include collecting data by observing children in a natural setting, using criteria that can assess children from birth to age eight at all ability levels, and categorizing observation results by curriculum content areas and developmental domains. Technical requirements of a meaningful assessment system are that it provides data on individual children that can be aggregated at the classroom program levels, provides descriptive statistics and gain scores, and is available in computerized and paper formats.
Reflect on This
Which is the best way to get valid information on children and their learning—standardized tests or authentic assessment?
Teachers need to have a clear understanding of the purposes and benefits of observation and assessment to identify a child’s current competency levels. We rely on observation of skills the child has mastered, which then informs our future planning. For children experiencing difficulties, we use the data to support early identification and referral for specific difficulties and the introduction of appropriate intervention strategies. The observation and assessment processes can also be used to identify the effectiveness of the environment, specific areas of the curriculum, specific activities, and the teaching strategies used. None of these can take place without prior observation and assessment of the current situation (www.sagepub.com/upm-data/9656_022816Ch5.pdf).
Do you think observation and assessment is important ? Why?