Anti-Infective, Anti-Allergic, and Anti-Parasitic First, I would tell the patien
Anti-Infective, Anti-Allergic, and Anti-Parasitic
First, I would tell the patient that antihistamines take a little bit of time to take effect after ingestion, taking approximately thirty minutes to take effect. Additionally, I would tell the patient to consider taking a larger dosage than recommended to get more relief from the medication. According to Mayo Clinic (2021), the average dosage for antihistamine tablets for adults is approximately 25 to 100 mg, to be taken three to four times daily to obtain maximum relief. The final piece of information that I would tell the patient is to consider taking the medication continuously to address the hives completely. Though the antihistamines are effective in treating symptoms, a continuous administration is advisable in preventing the condition.
Based on the prevalent conditions, Claritin, generic name Loratadine, is the most appropriate antihistamine to prescribe to the patient because it is not associated with drowsiness or sleepiness side-effects, making it suitable to be taken while working (Mayo Clinic, 2021).
The condition generally originates from the body’s immune system attacking healthy nerves, often following a viral infection to the respiratory or gastrointestinal tract. However, the condition may also originate from vaccines like poliovirus, meningococcal, and influenza (Babazadeh et al., 2019).
In such a case, it is essential to discourage the patient from taking OTC scabicides. Currently, no OTC scabicides have successfully been tested to be effective in addressing human Scabies. Medication for treating human Scabies can only be made available through a doctor’s prescription (Barrel, 2020).
Generally, HIV/AIDS patients have an increased sensitivity to sulfonamide medications, meaning that they would experience allergic reactions to medications containing the component, such as Erythromycin-sulfisoxazole. Therefore, such patients are bound to experience significant reactions when they take common medications for treating cold sores (Yang et al., 2019).
The baseline assessment is the fundamental test that should be conducted before prescribing Penicillin to patients, outlining the patient’s medical history and potential side effects like hypersensitivity to the medication (Gitaka et al., 2020). In addition, the baseline assessment also effectively determines underlying patient factors like cultural sensitivity, WBC, and vitals.
Babazadeh, A., Afshar, Z. M., Javanian, M., Mohammadnia-Afrouzi, M., Karkhah, A., Masrour-Roudsari, J., … & Ebrahimpour, S. (2019). Influenza vaccination and Guillain–Barré syndrome: Reality or fear. Journal of translational internal medicine, 7(4), 137.
Barrell, A. (2020). Scabies treatment over the counter: What to use. Medical News Today. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/scabies-treatment-over-the-counter
Gitaka, J., Kamita, M., Mureithi, D., Ndegwa, D., Masika, M., Omuse, G., … & Mwau, M. (2020). Combating antibiotic resistance using guidelines and enhanced stewardship in Kenya: a protocol for an implementation science approach. BMJ open, 10(3), e030823.
Mayo Clinic. (2021). Antihistamine (Oral Route, Parenteral Route, Rectal Route). https://www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements/antihistamine-oral-route-parenteral-route-rectal-route/proper-use/drg-20070373
Yang, C. Q., Mathur, A., Kumar, P. N., & Dhillon, V. K. (2019). Intralesional cidofovir for the treatment of acyclovir-resistant laryngeal herpes manifesting as supraglottic mass. Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology, 128(3), 267-270.