TOPIC: MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) superbug of great conc
TOPIC: MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) superbug of great concern for hospital, nursing home and community patrons.
Abstract: Superbugs are microbial organisms that have become resistant to standard antimicrobial treatment. Scientist and other medical personnel have long been concern over the increase incidence of infection among both community acquired and hospital acquired infections. Although there are many superbugs that have emerged over decades, one in particular has become very worrisome for medical personnel, Staphylococcus aureus. Staphylococcus aureus (staph) is a type of bacteria found on people’s skin, they are usually harmless, but they can cause serious infections that can lead to sepsis or death. Of the staph species Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a cause of staph infection that is difficult to treat because of resistance to some antibiotics. Staph infections—including those caused by MRSA has the propensity to spread uncontrollably in hospitals, other healthcare facilities, and in the community where you live, work, and go to school
Introduction: As previously mentioned, MRSA is an acronym for methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, a staph bacteria that have become resistant to several antibiotics. It is very commonly found in the community, hence the term community acquired (homes, work place, shopping centers, daycares, schools, ect. It’s notorious for causing skin infections and in some cases; it may cause pneumonia, a lung infection. Untreated MRSA infection can become severe and lead to sepsis, the body’s uncontrolled severe adverse reaction to an infection.
In the hospitals and nursing homes, MRSA is of serious concern as it is known to cause major problems for residents; bloodstream infections, pneumonia, surgical site infections, bed sores which may progress to sepsis.
This paper will explore the difference between community acquired MRSA and hospital acquired MRSA. Who is at risk for infection and how to prevent infection. Secondly, we will also explore the methods and strategies utilized in healthcare setting to prevent the infections and combat the spread of infections amongst patients and staff alike.
The rapid detection and prompt treatment of MRSA is of paramount importance so as to prevent sepsis, will explore the laboratory methods used to detect MRSA and the various treatment options. The methods of screening incoming patients and why screening is important before patients can be placed in the general population of the healthcare facility. Finally, the discussion of symptoms of MRSA and actions to be taken to prevent spread.