Answer the following questions. 1) Chiesa (1994) exaplins that radical behavior
Answer the following questions.
1) Chiesa (1994) exaplins that radical behaviorists adopt a causal model that is not linear and does not need to provide links between two events (Chiesa, 1994). How can this web-like causal model explain complex behaviors, which is often used as an argument against radical behaviorism?
2) Chiesa (1994) talks about Skinner’s functional relations, which is an SD > Behavior> consequence. In an intervention or research observation, the consequence is often controlled by the researcher or the clinician. Does the behavior analyst control the organism’s behavior via the consequence? Could you argue that there is a causal relationship between the organism and the behavior analysts in which it is the organism is causing the behavior of the analyst?
3) If each response is likely the function of multiple variables, and each variable also affects multiple responses, how do behavior analysts define strong relationships and claims? It seems the causal relationship is too complex to be used as an explanation for specific behaviors
4) Gerwirtz and Palaez-Nogueras (1992) discuss the impact that an environment and others around can impact behavior in infants. Are many experiments conducted to see how individuals react in different environments with the same stimuli otherwise?
5)Chiesa (1994) discusses that reinforcers must functionally shape the behavior. Is it always easy to tell if a consequence is a reinforcer or just a stimulus that occurs?
6)Is there a way to know the function of certain behaviors if an individual is being dishonest in their verbal responses?
Cautilli, J., Beth Rosenwasser, J., & Don Hantula, J. (2003). Behavioral Science as the Art of the 21st Century Philosophical Similarities Between B. F. Skinner’s Radical Behaviorism and Postmodern Science. Behavior Analyst Today, 4(2), 225-264.
Gewirtz, J. L., & Pelaez-Nogueras, M. (1992). B. F. Skinner’s legacy to human infant behavior and development. American Psychologist, 47(11), 1411.
Chiesa, M. (1994). Radical behaviorism: The philosophy and the science. Authors Cooperative, Publishers. Chapter 5 & 6.